Since its establishment in 1971, the Ministry has emerged as a nodal agency of the Government of India for promotion of scientific research in the country. The Ministry has been readjusting its programmes and plans to suit the changing needs of the S&T sector of the country with the Vision. “India becoming a global knowledge power with strong capabilities in basic research, development and innovation for globally competitive and inclusive growth to power technology-led economic progress of the society.” Ministry of Science & Technology consists of three departments: Department of Science & Technology for Strengthening National Capacity, Capability in S&T with Nodal function in the promotion of Indian R&D. Department of Biotechnology to Develop Life Sciences and Biotechnology for the Nation with node promotion of Life Sciences and Biotech. Department of Scientific & Industrial Research to Promote industrial research through enabling policy environment Supporting R&D.